L'esprit du terrorisme

L'esprit du terrorismeBaudrillard Sees The Power Of The Terrorists As Lying In The Symbolism Of Slaughter Not Merely The Reality Of Death, But In A Sacrifice That Challenges The Whole System Where Previously The Old Revolutionary Sought To Conduct A Struggle Between Real Forces In The Context Of Ideology And Politics, The New Terrorist Mounts A Powerful Symbolic Challenge Which, When Combined With High Tech Resources, Constitutes An Unprecedented Assault On An Over Sophisticated And Vulnerable West This New Edition Is Up Dated With The Essays Hypotheses On Terrorism And Violence Of The Global. This short collection of essays date from shortly after the events of 9 11 01 While so much of what has been written since has seemed somewhat off the mark, Jean Baudrillard s The Spirit of Terrorism and Other Essays introduces some interesting ideas that are still worth debating In essence, the French philosopher thinks that globalization itself led to a suicidal situation one that has frequently been imagined in Hollywood films about terrorism Today that order, which has virtually reached its culmination, finds itself grappling with the antagonistic forces scattered throughout the very heartlands of the global, in all the current convulsions A fractal war of all cells, all singularities, revolting in the form of antibodies A confrontation so impossible to pin down that the idea of war has to be rescued from time to time by spectacular set pieces, such as the Gulf War or the war in Afghanistan But the Fourth World War the Third was the self inflicted defeat of Communism is elsewhere It is what haunts every world order, all hegemonic domination if Islam dominated the world, terrorism would rise against Islam, for it is the world, the globe itself, which resists globalization.Baudrillard distinguishes between the Universal and the Global In our identification of the United States as The City on the Hill, we would like to think of ourselves as a Universal culture with Universal values, such as freedom and democracy Instead, we have a negative simulacrum of Universality, in a Global network of markets, entertainment, and, in a word, order Hence, terrorism arises to attack the weaknesses of this New World Order.Osama bin Laden dreamed of an Islamic universality, perhaps a new Caliphate to be headed by why not himself and his followers But just as our Universal values have decayed, those of Al Qaeda likewise have decayed Did not the suicide bomber of 9 11 visit strippers, even at one point leaving a copy of the Qu ran at a titty bar The French have an interesting perspective on terrorism, having themselves invented it during the French Revolution Baudrillard s perspective deserves to be discussed today. There will be some that will write off this book because particular lines in it may sound offensive But I don t think Baudrillard trivializes 9 11, nor do I think he meant to cause offense The infamous they did it, but we wanted it line ought to be read with care I don t think he meant that we, or the rest of the world, consciously wanted 9 11 but we were, perhaps, subconsciously grappling with the Fukuyaman notion that nothing great or earth shattering would ever happen again 9 11, as awful as it was, showed us that history wasn t over just yet, and gave us purpose at a time when our purpose was an unresolved question That s how I think the line ought to be read.And I do think, after reading this book, that Baudrillard truly believed that 9 11 was awful In fact, I think he believed 9 11 was a far horrendous event than most depictions of it The death of three thousand Americans is tragic, but the way that they died, in such spectacular fashion and with total media fixation, created a symbol of American impotence that far exceeded the lives lost It is not real , Baudrillard observed, In a sense, it is worse it is symbolic p 29 These do not sound like the words of a person who trivialized what happened on 9 11 On the contrary, these sound like the words of somebody who is trying to explain the true gravity of the eventand it was far grave than the death toll alone would convey.So why was the symbolic attack of 9 11 so destructive The problem with a symbolic attack is that it is resistant to most forms of retaliation The nature of the attack left the attackers dead, so there is nobody left to disavow it The terrorist act leaves no clear enemy, no countervailing force, to fight And the result of the attack is the production of an image that cannot be destroyed The only option against a symbolic attack is to replace the image with another image, but what images have we produced to render the image of 9 11 moot It is hard to contemplate our involvement in Iraq and Afghanistan without, first, wondering what we were hoping to accomplish there It seems clear, after reading this book, that we were looking for a symbol that could displace the symbol of 9 11 The fact that we are still there means we haven t found that symbol yet.Does a symbol even exist that can undo the symbolism of 9 11 Maybe, but we can t understand what we were hoping to accomplish if we do not understand the symbolic nature of the 9 11 attack Baudrillard gives us a glimpse into the nature of the attack from a semiotic angle he offers the kind of perspective that pragmatists and policy analysts cannot see This is why the book is valuable, and why it ought to be taken seriously. In spite of my usual reservations about Baudrillard the bitchy nihilism, the occasional whiny sense of futility, the smug dismissal of almost any perspective that isn t simply his, etc., I found these essays to be very sharp and still quite relevant to our current situation.His conception of the relationship between terrorism and global power i.e the U.S is less dependent on a specific historical or religious or political reading than most leftist considerations, which makes it both suspect and also much interesting, and frankly, harder to ignore Aside from the irritating turns of phrase which tend to accompany most critical theory many of which Baudrillard is famous for using in his own writing , his observations here are for the most part quite concrete, and show how completely confused and utterly ridiculous a lot of our conventional thinking is about terror in our age I tried to come up with some witty, post modern version of jet fuel can t melt steal beams for this review, but I failed Sorry Baudrillard talks of terrorism beyond the parameters it is usually discussed in You won t find much mention of political or historical specificity or attempts to find causation or meaning in terrorism For him, it is beyond a theory of clash of civilizations, beyond discussions of Good Evil Terrorism is meaningless, it is the extreme event, attempt, of those outside global power to humiliate by refusing to act in a way that can be logically understood Terrorism is not real therein lies its power detriment It is worse than real, it is symbolic I found his discussion on the spectacle of terrorism particularly interesting How these deaths from the brutal act, the whole reality brutality of the current system enters into some kind of system of spectacular exchange The media are part of the event, they are part of the terror, Some quotes that I felt really encapsulated things When global power monopolizes the situation to this extent, when there is such a formidable condensation of all functions in the technocratic machinery, and when no alternative form of thinking is allowed, what other way is there but a terroristic situational transfer It was the system itself which created the objective conditions for this brutal retaliation By seizing all the cards for itself, it forced the Other to change the rules And the new rules are fierce ones, because the stakes are fierce To a system whose very excess of power poses an insoluble challenge, the terrorists respond with a definitive act which is also not susceptible of exchange This is not, then, a clash of civilizations of religions, and it reaches far beyond Islam and America, on which efforts are being made to focus the conflict in order to create the delusion of a visible confrontation and a solution based on force There is, indeed, a fundamental antagonism here, but one which points past the spectre of America which is, perhaps, the epicentre, but in no sense the sole embodiment, of globalization and the spectre of Islam which is not the embodiment of terrorism either , to triumphant globalization battling against itself. Is there a way to review this collection without drowning in the political Without getting too close and accidentally scratching off the never healing scab of The Event I sense that much has been said on both sides with much emotion regarding Baudrillard s writings on 9 11 and terrorism in general.Without drowning in equivocation or knotty explanations of my own thoughts on the topic let me say this This is a short and for the most part clearly written work that tries to bring some balanced thought to the unavoidably antagonistic relationship between globalization as he defines it and cultural specification i.e., those still resisting and still outside of the globalized political economic power network The unfortunate shorthand of which is The Western World and The Terrorists Because it is short and easily read, and also presents ideas at least worth exposing oneself to and contemplating, I would recommend this to anyone who was even remotely interested Interestingly, 17 years after its first appearance, I believe these writings not only hold relevance for the situation they describe and which still exists, but also for new and current situations As an example, I couldn t help thinking of the rise of the alt right and the political upheavals and violence it has triggered in the last few years I would be interested to see if Baudrillard has written about these new situations I think victim hood in general is a horrible virus that can be dangerous whether in genuine victims or disingenuous ones I don t think I m original in saying that I think 9 11 set off a whopper of an auto immune response in America and much of the world from which we have still not recovered And we may never recover This response is dangerous the it changes who we are, what we are willing to do, and what we won t allow ourselves to discuss.Or just ignore me because I probably don t know shit but just felt like writing out a response to what I read to clear my head and try to face forward. I liked it, but as it goes on Baudrillard lapses into this almost Hegelian attribution of agency to historical forces and, even bafflingly, Lacanian progression to BUILDINGS I ve always felt that Baudrillard, to some extent, wrote in such a way that his books demand to be unpacked as poetry just as much as philosophy in order to be understood, but in this text the wires get crossed and the whole thing becomes a murky, evasive mess of casuistry by the end I hate to say it, because usually Baudrillard is my favorite of the three, but this book definitely suffers in comparison to its companion volumes by Virilio and Zizek. I guess the main point of these essays was the idea that terrorism is not a random act or the dangerous quirk of an exotic religion Baudrillard was trying to say that Western culture, specifically the globalization of trade, the faceless violence protruding from this globalization, carries the spirit of terrorism within its very self That we can t blame terrorism on individual terrorists or Islambut that we must take a good look at the flawed system that has invited these attacks.I don t know if I agree with this message or whether anyone is even interested in my personal opinion not being a terrorism researcher or anything but this is the idea that I think he was trying to convey.I have to admit, postmodern French philosophy does feel a bit difficult for me at the moment What does it mean that globalization opposes globalization Or that terrorism is everywhere, that it comes from a global drip I think these essays are interesting but also difficult to understand They feel kind of non analytical, literary and intuitive They make bold claims about world phenomena but lack rigorous logical argumentation which is not straightforwardly a bad thing, it s just their style I felt like I was reading literary fiction.I think the essays would probably have made sense to me had I been acquainted with Baudrillard s earlier texts in advance Still, I thought some of the metaphors were unique and thought provoking and probably did form some new conscious or subconscious interconnections in my mind.That was my experience as a non researcher, someone not deeply invested in the topic reader, pretty much. Terrorism invents nothing, inaugurates nothing It simply carries things to the extreme, to the point of paroxysm It exacerbates a certain state of things, a certain logic of violence and uncertainty p.58 To make Islam as the embodiment of Evil would be to do it honour and to do oneself honour in the process But we don t see things that way when it is said that Islam is Evil, the implication is that it is not well, that it is sick, that it is violent because it is sick, because it sees itself as a humiliated victim, and is nursing its resentment instead of taking its place joyously in the New World Order Islam is regressive and fundamentalist out of despair But if it becomes offensive, then it must be reduced to impotence In a word, Islam is not what it out to be And what, then of the West p.66 The Spirit of Terrorism by Jean Baudrillard basically continues his ideas on Simulacra and Stimulus Circulating his ideas on the notion of what is represented through symbols and power, Baudrillard examines the event of 9 11 through four essays 1 The Spirit of Terrorism 2 Requiem for the Twin Towers 3 Hypothesis of Terrorism and 4 The Violence of the Global.Review A very symbolic and literary way of looking at the origins and results of terrorism I don t think there was much I actually disagreed with in these two essays However, in his search for an almost poetic philosophic explanation for terror Jean Baudrillard risks the absurdity of oversimplification for beauty s sake. Images, symbology, and terrorism Shines a light on the fictionalized dichotomies of us versus them and good versus evil.3.40 5.0

✅ L'esprit du terrorisme pdf ✈ Author Jean Baudrillard – Rarefishingbooks.co.uk
  • Paperback
  • 105 pages
  • L'esprit du terrorisme
  • Jean Baudrillard
  • English
  • 11 June 2017
  • 9781859844489