Le livre de la cité des dames

Le livre de la cité des damesEm A Cidade Das Mulheres , Christine De Pisan, Considerada A Primeira Mulher Escritora Profissional Da Europa, Inventa Uma Cidade Simb Lica Na Qual As Mulheres S O Apreciadas E Defendidas.Cria Tr S Figuras Aleg Ricas, A Raz O, A Justi A E A Rectid O, Com Quem Mant M Um Di Logo Fascinante, Pretendendo Assim Estabelecer A Verdade Acerca Das Mulheres Que Contradissesse Os Estere Tipos Negativos Que Ela Sabia Existirem Entranhados Num Mundo Dominado Pelo Sexo Masculino. Judith Beheading Holofernes, by Artemisia Gentileschi, 1614 1620 Then the lady said, Let us act boldly, for God is with us She entered and fearlessly took the sword which she saw at the head of the bed, withdrew it from its sheath, then raised it with all her strength, and cut off Holophernes head without being heard by anyone II.31.1This book takes the form of a long allegorical dream in which Christine, our author narrator, takes advice and wisdom from three heavenly ladies, Reason, Rectitude, and Justice, as they regale her with historical anecdotes and biographies from Pagan, Jewish, and Christian women, and use them to construct an ideal City of Ladies.The stories draw from an impressive range of mythology and biblical history Not all of them are as badass as Judith s story at the top, but most are at least interesting These stories exist within a Christian framework, with many saintly examples of grisly martyrdom, with the Virgin Mary at the heavenly pinnacle She does invent some new explanations for the stories about pagan goddesses, saying that they were likely local figures of great renown who were treated as gods later as time passed, due to their learning or example One fam
About six years ago I read Giovanni Boccaccio s The Decameron While I found it a worthwhile experience, I remember thinking that the women were not portrayed in a very kind light all the time in his stories I also remember thinking that was not unusual considering the fact it was written in the 14th century, and those people were really unenlightened when it came to women s rights and stuff.But then I read this book Christine de Pizan wrote this book in the 15th century, and calls Boccaccio out a few times, which made me cheer a bit She questioned what he wrote, as well as other writers Ovid, for example , which made me realize that not everyone was completely unenlightened back in the Middle Ages after all.This allegory was written in the early 1400s but wasn t translated into English until 1521 Pizan herself is a character in her story which involves her talking to the three daughters of God Reason, Rectitude, and Justice They have come to help Pizan build a safe haven for women since they have gotten the short end of the stick throughout history Remember this was written in the 15th century I feel de Pizan s City has grown exponentially since it was first published She would hardly recognize it now if she showed up And she would be pissed I m sure her first words would be along the lines of Did no one read my book, and did you assholes
This is an amazing humanist text written in 1405 Through her discourse to explain the misconception of woman, Pizan elevates her argument beyond the literature of 20th century feminists Where Friedan, Steinem, Hooks, etc would outline the maladjustment and oppression of women, Pizan would argue that equality is a potential from birth She doesn t just academically complain through proof or experience that woman is a second class citizen.The purpose of The Book of the City of Ladies is to build an intellectual, emotional, and spiritual refuge foundation for all women to draw from as they pursue their natural aptitude It is interesting to read a text and see how the cult of the Virgin Mary helped elevate women s place in society Equally fascinating is to see the intellectual breadth of the day and endearing to read the errors of their knowledge in history and linguistics Much like de Beauvoir s Second Sex, Pizan s masterpiece is still one of the best feminist critiques ever w
In this book, written in 1405, the author is given examples by Lady Reason, Lady Rectitude and Lady Justice to help erect a city of ladies In part it is a metaphor of the city being built up of the reputations of great women, but it is also meant to be peopled with great and virtuous women too In building up their support of this city , we are shown that things like morality, learning, chastity, prophesy, loyalty, mediation, stoicism, intelligence, and strategy are very much part of the territory of women as well as men We are shown that women are not naturally lesser beings when it comes to possession of these virtues.Many of the women cited are hugely strong characters.for instance we are shown how the Sabine women mediated between their families and their abductors, and how Judith killed Holofernes, a terrible enemy ruler of her people, or how Portia violently ended her life when her husband was murdered.Other women are cited for their intelligence and learning such as Nicostrata, legendry inventor of Latin alphabet, or Hortensia, educated by her father Quintus Hortensius, surpassing him in her command of oratory , and Novella, taught by her father to
A useful look at the history of women s rights, but through the eyes of a ruling class woman noble who wants nothing different systemically, just respect culturally This is like a proto first wave feminist, that bourgeoisie of rich women who simply wanted to be respected and feared like their rich, property owning husbands.Along with this, she is pretty excessively christian, obsessed with virginity, and zealously opposed to women s independence from men While one might say this is to be expected, it nonetheless disappoints when she repeatedly makes statements of a woman s worth depending on where they stand as servants for men, which are beside statements supporting a women s separatism The very essence of this book is in women s separatism, despite the caveat of still being hierarchal.I m not one to believe that a person from the past should be given leeway for ignorance due to it being typical of the past I simply don t believe this linear historical supremacism Instead, I find that her position as a noble allows for the most obvious cognitive dissonance through the privilege of rule by hierarch and hoarding of wealth.There was one mention of an excessively wealthy woman from rome s history who housed 10,000 ill and homeless people, which is great until we find out it was for the sole purpose of returning to fight for rome, an empire which began expansion through sexual violence And yet she is
Quite simply this book changed my life and is a must for any elegant feminist Written over 610 years ago Christine De Pizan was the first female professional author The City of Ladies is her most famous book written as a literary riposte to male writers slandering women Her unique rhetorical strategy to belittle her style and writing against the grain of her meaning became her trademark literary weapon She exposed crude and vulgar language as another weapon used to slander women while simultaneously denigrating the sexual act itself.Pizan deserves was the first woman in history to reinterpret the word Lady, to mean not a woman of noble birth, but a woman of noble spirit, wit, courage and charm Her greatest literary work is the City of Ladies in which she describes a female utopia, an allegorical society built by ladies for ladies.The book begins with Christine responding to Matheolus s book, Lamentations a misogynist text in which Matheolus insists women make men s lives miserable She says quite simply that, This thought inspired such a grea
honestly, way better than I remembered it being when I read it in undergrad a good reminder that we read differently as we get older an easy, unexpectedly funny read, partially due to the sharp translation the introduction for this edition is very weird overly apologetic it s 2017, yall, I think we should all be past the but she s not a 21st century feminist angle, this was written 600 years ago and couched in langu
This book has quite a lot of points which are very interesting and pretty progressive bearing her Medieval period in mind from a feminist point of view pro woman representation, criticism of patriarchal double standards, gender roles, and the behaviour of misogynistic entitled men against women Some parts, however, still include quite a lot of problematic content internalized misogyny, especially regarding modesty mindsets promotion of patriarchal gender roles albeit in order to protect women from a cruel patriarchal society and a lot of religious content Giving it 4.5 5 in spite of this problematic content because I think her pro woman anti misogyny feminist ideas sometimes remarkably close to modern feminism, especially her direct criticism of men s misogyny and double standards are remarkable and amazing for the society of the 14th 15th Century, and Christine also deserves recognition as the first professional female writer in Europe, and also as the first who tackled the defense of women and feminist themes in her writing in a direct way an important turning point in the history of feminis
Esta novela, escrita en 1405, es una precursora indiscutible del feminismo M s le valdr a a la Iglesia el leerla, puesto que defiende la religi n cat lica desde un punto de vista feminista muy interesante, y le valdr a como respuesta a muchas preguntas que se le hacen hoy en d a a la Santa Sede Defiende que Dios ha hecho a la mujer y al hombre, am ndolos igual, y dot ndolos de iguales derechos, que el hombre ha cuidado de trastornar.El libro consta de tres partes, a cada cual m s interesante Lo asombroso es que se trata de una obra escrita por una mujer en una poca en la que la misoginia estaba a la orden del d a, y en estas tres partes se describe el odio hacia la mujer por autores y cl rigos, y se defiende los derechos de la misma, igual ndola siempre en estos derechos al hombre, y no intentando ni mucho menos pisotear los del g nero masculino.Durante muchos cap tulos se describe la vida de maravillosas mujeres, valientes, honrosas, paganas o religiosas, que merecen su lugar en la historia de la humanidad As , habla de las as, las sabinas, y multitud de princesas y mujeres pobres que intentaron hacer el bien a sus familias y pueblos Tambi n, en la ltima parte habla de la vida de numerosas santas cat lica
Even though I do not entirely agree with Christine de Pizan on a few things, the main one being strict divisions of labor between women and men which is linked to God giving people different roles which is linked to my uncertainty about some beliefs from Christianity, I am impressed considering that this was written in medieval times.Christine de Pizan is one of those people that I wouldn t mind becoming friends with, even if I didn t agree with everything she said She could be my slightly stuffy old fashioned aunt I would love talking to her Her arguments are balanced, neither going through solely Reason or Rectitude or Justice but through all three.Not only is she reasonable, but she also has moral wisdom Human superiority is not determined by sexual difference but by the degree to which one has perfected one s nature and morals There are many instances such as these in which she draws away from condemning either men or women Let God do the judging Let he who has never sinned cast the first stone, she reminds Rather than promote harmful stereotypes she says that there are men and women of every kind she promotes a universal do good attitude That way, she defends women as whole,