Sleepwalking Into a New World

Sleepwalking Into a New World Amid The Disintegration Of The Kingdom Of Italy In The Eleventh And Twelfth Centuries, A New Form Of Collective Government The Commune Arose In The Cities Of Northern And Central Italy Sleepwalking Into A New World Takes A Bold New Look At How These Autonomous City States Came About, And Fundamentally Alters Our Understanding Of One Of The Most Important Political And Cultural Innovations Of The Medieval World.Chris Wickham Provides Richly Textured Portraits Of Three Cities Milan, Pisa, And Rome And Sets Them Against A Vibrant Backcloth Of Other Towns He Argues That, In All But A Few Cases, The Elites Of These Cities And Towns Developed One Of The First Nonmonarchical Forms Of Government In Medieval Europe, Unaware That They Were Creating Something Altogether New Wickham Makes Clear That The Italian City Commune Was By No Means A Democracy In The Modern Sense, But That It Was So Novel That Outsiders Did Not Know What To Make Of It He Describes How, As The Old Order Unraveled, The Communes Emerged, Governed By Consular Elites Chosen By The People, And Subject To Neither Emperor Nor King They Regularly Fought Each Other, Yet They Grew Organized And Confident Enough To Ally Together To Defeat Frederick Barbarossa, The German Emperor, At The Battle Of Legnano In 1176 Sleepwalking Into A New World Reveals How The Development Of The Autonomous City State Took Place, Which Would In The End Make Possible The Robust Civic Culture Of The Renaissance. Oberto s lifetime political practice took Milan away from traditional hierarchies further, he was sufficiently opposed to Frederick Barbarossa to be recalled as a consul when Milan was rebuilt after 1167 But in his thought world, those traditional hierarchies took center stage When, earlier, Barbarossa used Roman law to justify his claims to sovereignty at Roncaglia n 1158, and the consuls of the Italian cities conceded his right to do so, Oberto, given both his Romanist training and his thought world, must have been particularly easy to convince at least before the war between the emperor and Milan showed him what that sovereignty meant in practice This sharp opposition between practice and thought sums up what I mean by sleepwalking Oberto was along with his peers taking his city in a profoundly new direction, but his mind was elsewhere And that contradiction or, perhaps better, the fact that it was not perceived as one as far as we can tell also allows us to see that the fact that Milan s commune developed into a structure which was no longer aristocratic dominated matters less than one might expect it was run by people who were very often not from that world, and who in may ways works against it, but the
Short, detailed Wickham defines the ideal type of an Italian city commune It has three parts A conscious urban collectivity, constituting for example all or most male urban city dwellers or oaths sworn by residents A regularly rotating set of magistrates, sometimes called consuls The magistrates are chosen or validated by the collectivity, although the process need not be democratic Rather, the distinction is that the magistrates are not chosen by the king or bishop The city is autonomous Typically, the magistrates were responsible for justice and warfare Eventually, they also became responsible for taxation and legislation Earlier historians have tended to identify the creation of the commune with the first mention of a consul in a document, e.g Pisa in 1080, Asti 1095, or Milan 1097 Wickham argues
Nonostante il rigoroso lavoro di ricerca, la curatissima bibliografia e il valore dell interessantissima tesi il testo presenta alcuni problemi di forma che lo rendono sconsigliato a chi si approccia a
Wickham gives an interesting perspective to the development of communes in Italy after the turn of the 11th century With close analysis of Pisa, Rome, and Milan he argues that the elites of each of these cities unknowingly developed one of the first non monarchical forms of government in medieval Europe While interesting, the casual tone of the book put me off a little I ve clearly been reading too much hard history these days for my dissertation , which I feel like detracted from his argument in a number of places I did appreciate one digression, though His discussion of shit names and their relevance use etc was a tangent that both amused and interested me and related back to the the story he was trying to piece together All in all a decent book, for the casual history lover an

!!> Reading ➹ Sleepwalking Into a New World  ➱ Author Chris Wickham –
  • ebook
  • 305 pages
  • Sleepwalking Into a New World
  • Chris Wickham
  • 01 June 2017
  • 9781400865826